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Ekron's Inscription

Ekrons InscriptionThe Ekron's Inscription Part 1

"The city of Ekron (also transliterated Accaron), was one of the five cities of the famed Philistine pentapolis, located in southwestern Canaan. Ekron has been dentified as modern Tel Miqne, which lies 35 kilometers west of Jerusalem, and 18 kilometers north of ancient Gath, on the eastern edge of Israel's coastal plain."Wikipedia


Ekrons Inscription 2

Ekron' Inscription

"The story of Ekron, portrayed in the Old Testament and in Assyrian and Babylonian sources, is rich in detail. The Philistine inscription adds some fresh insights. According to Gen. 13:2-7, the city was not conquered by the Israelites at the time of Joshua. Only when we read the text of Judges 1:18 do we find out the reason: Judah was not able to expel the Philistines from the plain, because they had chariots made of iron. Before the Tribe of Dan migrated to the region of Mount Hermon, Ekron marked the boundaries between them and the Tribes of Judah and Ephraim. Following this, Samuel, Saul and David conducted wars against the Philistines (cf. 1 Sam. 5-7). The city of Ekron passed through many hands, but in the end remained the property of the Philistines. After all this, on many occasions the Old Testament tells us: Ekron had a Philistine king. (Cf. 2 Kings 1:1-6, and Amos 1:8.)" For more information click here.


Red star points  Ekron

Red star points to Ekron


7th Century BC the Philistines Disappearance (DOCUMENTARY)


Ekron's Inscription 3The Ekron's Inscription Part 2

In 1993, archaeologists Seymour Gitin of the W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research and Trude Dothan of Hebrew University of Jerusalem, were in their thirteenth and final season of excavations at Tel Miqne in Israel. They had long suspected that Tel Miqne was the site of one of the main cities of the Philistine pentapolis, specifically biblical Ekron (Josh 13:3, plus 23 other references in the OT). Then a royal dedicatory inscription carved into a slab of limestone dramatically confirmed the place name, along with the names of five of its rulers, and two of them are specifically mentioned in the Bible.

The inscription was found in a destruction layer attributed to the Babylonian conquest dating to 603 BC It was within a 186 by 124 foot structure, considered a temple complex. The complex followed the design of known Assyrian palaces, and one section contained a sanctuary with a stone pavement; the inscription had fallen in the destruction to the pavement. The five lines of the inscription reads:

1. The temple which he built, 'kysh (Achish, Ikausu) son of Padi, son of
2. Ysd son of Ada, son of Ya'ir, ruler of Ekron,
3. For Ptgyh his lady. May she bless him, and
4. protect him, and prolong his days, and bless
5. his land.

Both Ikausu and his father, Padi, are known from Assyrian records as kings of Ekron. Sennacherib's annals mention Padi, in connection with the Assyrian campaign against the region in 701 BC that included the siege of King Hezekiah's Jerusalem. Padi also payed his taxes to his Assyrian overlord in 699 BC, as recorded on a royal clay sealing, indicating a contribution of a light talent of silver, about 67.5 pounds. Ikausu is numbered among twelve regional kings who transported building materials to Nineveh for the construction of the palace of Esarhaddon (680-669 BC) and also in a list of kings who assisted Ashurbanipal in his first campaign against Egypt in 667 BC The other three kings in this Philistine dynasty, Ysd, Ada and Yair, are otherwise unattested.

The goddess Ptgyh may be an unknown Philistine deity or, more likely, by reading the damaged fourth letter of the name as "nun=n", as Pt[n]yh. This would be read as "Potnia," meaning "mistress" or "lady," the formal title used for various goddesses in ancient Greek The goddess behind the title was likely Asherah, a Semitic deity, since the other known Philistine deities bear clearly Semitic names: Dagon and Ba`al-zebul. The inscription thus helps confirm that the Philistines, whose origins were in Caphtor=Crete, in biblical tradition (See Amos 9:7), had largely assimilated to Canaanite culture in the centuries between their arrival and the dedication of the temple of Ekron. For the reference click here.


What happened to the Philistines? Philistines=Palestinians?